Lower Back Pain

If you have lower back disorders, you are not alone. Approximately, 80% of the Americans are suffering from lower back in their whole lifetime. Lower back pain is mainly related to job disorders.   According to

If you have lower back disorders, you are not alone. Approximately, 80% of the Americans are suffering from lower back in their whole lifetime. Lower back pain is mainly related to job disorders.  

According to a survey, many adults are suffering from lower back pain. It effects both men and women equally. It can be caused due to some kind of external or internal injury. It can be the result of poor sitting posture.  

What is Lower Back Pain? 

Lower back pain can be explained as a sudden sharp and severe sensation of pain in the lower part of your back that leaves the person partially immobilized. 

It can be due to any kind of physical stress on lower part of back. 

Subacute Back Pain mostly defined as a pain that lasts from 4 to 12 weeks. If the pain lasts for more than 12 weeks, it is a serious problem and you need to go to a Physician.   

Structure of Back: 

The structure of back is made up of the vertebral column. Lower back is the part of the back where 5 vertebrae are present in the lumbar region, which supports the movement and weight of the body. Between two vertebrae, there are round, rubber pads which are called intervertebral disks. These intervertebral disks act as shock absorbers in the case of any shock and injury. They act as cushion around vertebrae and provide ease in movement. Ligaments which are bands of connective tissues hold vertebras together in place while tendons attach muscles to the vertebral column. Thiry one pairs of nerves are present in the vertebral column. These nerves transmit signals from the body to the brain and regulate movement. 

Causes of Lower Back Pain: 

There can be many reasons behind the lower back pain. It might due to sitting too often in the same physical position and lack of physical exercise. 

Mostly the pain occurs in the lower back is mechanical in nature. In many cases, the reason behind pain is spondylosis. 

Spondylosis is a form of arthritis leading to wear and tear in the spine. It occurs when disks and joints degenerate. This spondylosis can impair mobility and also affect spinal nerves.  

There are many other reasons behind lower back pain. They are as followed. 

1.Herniated Disk. 

2.Kidney Infections. 

3.Spine Infections such as sprains 

4.Degeneration of Inter vertebral disks. 

5. Radiculopathy. 

6.Spinal Stenosis. 

7.Pain in sciatic nerve. 

8.Tumors. 

Herniated Disks: 

It is a condition in which a compression occurs between intervertebral disks which bulge them outward causing severe back pain. 

Kidney Infections: 

Stones and tumors present inside the kidney also causes severe back pain. It is needed to treat immediately.  

Spines Infections:  

There are many spines infections such as vertebral osteomyelitis, discitis and epidural abscess causing severe inconvenience and pain to vertebrae present in the lower back. 

Degeneration of Inter-vertebral Disks: 

Intervertebral disks which present between vertebras provide flexibility, movement and act as a shock absorber. With the passage of time, as age factor increases, these disks lose their capability of movement and started to degenerate. Degeneration of these intervertebral disks causes severe difficulty in movement and also causes lower back pain. 

Radiculopathy:  

Radiculopathy is a specific condition results after a compression or injury in which a nerve or set of nerves is punched and is unable to perform any kind of function.  

Spinal Stenosis: 

Spinal stenosis is a condition that mostly occurs in old people. Spinal stenosis consists of narrowing of the spinal canal that exerts pressure on the spinal cord and the lateral nerves around it. It causes pain, numbness on one side and sometimes loss of sensory factors. 

Pain in Sciatic Nerve/ Sciatica: 

Pain in sciatic nerve/sciatica can be described as a pain that extends along the path of the sciatic nerve, leading towards lower back through hips and down to each leg. It is severe pain and hinders movement. 

Tumors: 

Tumors are the rare cause of pain in the lower back. They appear in the lower part of the back as a result of cancer.  

Other reasons of lower back pain are: 

  • Skeletal irregularities. 
  • Abdominal Aortic aneurysm 
  • Traumatic Injury. 
  • Osteoporosis 
  • Fibromyalgia. 

Factors developing Lower Back Pain: 

Besides certain disease related to the lower back, there are many other chores in daily life that causes pain in the lower back. 

Age: 

Age is a major factor that causes lower back pain. As people become older, the strength of their bones decreases and the risks of fractures increases. The fluid present between intervertebral disks reduces that causes friction and difficulty in movement.  

Genetics:  

Ankylosing spondylitis is a condition in which there is a fusion of spinal joints that causes immobility. This is a genetic disorder. 

Over-weight: 

Obesity is a dangerous disorder. Being over-weight can exert pressure on the lower back. 

Poor Posture:  

Having poor posture during work can cause pain in the lower back. Maintaining poor posture for long periods of time can cause back pain. A desk job causes lower back pain because of poor posture and inadequate support. 

Mental Health Factors: 

Many mental health factors like anxiety and depression. These mental disorders create tension in body muscles resulting in lower back pain.  

Job Factors: 

Having a job that involves lifting, pushing, pulling and carrying of heavy objects also become the cause of lower back pain. Lower back pain becomes more severe in case of any injury or twisting of vertebrae during work. 

Treatments of lower back Pain: 

Lower back pain can be treated easily at home. For the treatment of lower back pain, diagnose whether treatment is acute or chronic.  

Apply Hot or Cold Packs: 

Apply hot or cold packs on the lower part of your back. According to conventional methods of cure, fist apply cold packs or ice on lower back and chill it thoroughly.  

After the process of chilling, apply hot packs after some time. Apply hot packs slowly. 

This is an old method for the treatment of lower back pain. Researches shows the fact that these cold or hot packs are not much useful in treating lower back pain. They can be used only in case of inflammation.  

Exercise 

Limit the work that causes lower back pain. Start some stretching exercises that stimulate your muscles properly. Don’t do difficult exercises. Continue your normal routine activities except those which can cause lower back pain.  

Limit Bed Rest: 

When you are having lower back pain, limit your bed rest. Perform all your tasks and exercise. Spending more time on the bed while having lower back pain can make it worst. It also causes anxiety, depression, decreased muscle tone and formation of blood clots in legs due to inactivity. 

Physical therapies: 

Physical therapy programs that strengthen core muscles and increase flexibility and movement. It can improve sitting posture and provides aid in reducing the risk of lower back pain. 

Medications: 

Medications can be used for the treatment of lower back pain. Usually, the following medicines can be used: 

  1. OTC (over the counter) pain relievers.  
  1. Anti-inflammatory drugs. 
  1. Muscle relaxants 
  1. Narcotics 
  1. Acetaminophen and Aspirin. 
  1. NSAIDS (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) including ibuprofen and ketoprofen) 
  1. Opioids: Codeine and Oxycodone. 

These medications are normally sed to treat lower back disorders. But these also have some side effects. They can be addictive, causes drowsiness and constipation. Excessive use of these medications can also cause impaired judgment. Especially, opioids are detrimental because their excessive use can cause depression making lower back pain much worse. 

Prevention: 

Always take care of your muscles and body parts. Avoid tasks that can increase the risk of injury and disease.  

  • Stretch your body before exercise.  
  • Keep your sitting posture good. 
  • Sit in a chair that has good support. 
  • Wear comfortable shoes. 
  • Maintain nutrition and diet to avoid weight gain. 
  • Quit smoking because it can cause stress on your lower back and also results in coughing. Constant coughing also causes lower back pain.     
  • Maintain good health.  

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